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deck railing post spacing

Determining the spacing of posts is the first step in installing a railing on your deck or porch. That’s how many railings you’ll need, then simply space them evenly between corners and your home. Inspired by the design of the Union Jack flag, this timber-style balustrade emphasizes the flag’s diagonal pattern. May 31, 2019 - This Pin was discovered by Basic Deck Designs. Screw the center blocks. The size of the deck directly affects the spacing of the support posts. Mark the placement of the posts on the deck. Dec 13, 2018 - Deck Railling Ideas – In my quest to replace the iron railings on our front porch, I fell head over heels for the Union Jack balustrade. A variety of styles are allowed as long as the interior sections of the rail don’t possess any openings large enough to pass a 4” diameter sphere through. The 12' I would think would be too far, so the choice would be 6' or 8'. I have a 42" high wood railing with 2x4 bottom rail 3.5" off deck with wood 2x2's attached to outside of 2x4. These tests are performed by an accredited third-party testing agency. Discover (and save!) The handgrips must allow a minimum of 1-1/2” space between the handrail and the guardrail or wall. Copyright © 2021 Trex Company, Inc. All rights reserved. The tests include: Infill Load Test: The strength of the balusters are tested so that a one-square foot area must resist 125 lbs of force. The IRC requires guardrails to be at least 36" in height, measured from the deck surface to the top of the rail. Rail posts (also referred to as Guard Posts) are generally spaced evenly between straight sections of deck. Can I put my railing posts on after I build my deck? Flat 2x4 and 2x6 handrails are not acceptable. The main concern is a push outward from people leaning against the railing. A safety factor of 2.5 is usually added to the testing. Minimum stair railing height has to be 34” from the top rail to the nosing. Maximum cantilever of a 2X8 is 24” at 16” o.c. Written by: Jon Zamboni. Step 4 These deck railing height diagrams are a great reference for your design and building portfolio. In the case of guardrails for stairs, there is an exception that allows up to a 6” diameter sphere through the triangle opening formed by the stair riser, stairtread and bottom rail. The top edge of the handrail must be placed between 34” and 38” above the nosing of the stair treads. Commercial decks attached to multi-family buildings, such as apartment buildings or businesses, are regulated under the International Building Code (IBC). If you choose to install a guardrail on a deck lower than 30", you must still meet code requirements. If you plan to install railings on multiple sides of the deck, measure the length of each section you wish to rail. Engineered railing systems must be tested to meet IRC and IBC building codes. Maximum spacing of posts is 72 inches on center. 200 pound point load applied at the top of the post in any direction, or at any point along the railing. Temporarily position each stair rail board against the stair rail posts at the marks to mark the trimming line at each end of the board. A span is the unsupported distance between two posts. Mark the angle for trimming each stair rail. Make a space between the post and the deck rail post no wider than the spacing between balusters. While a spindle or baluster can touch the deck, they often have a bottom railing to hold them in place. Determining the spacing of posts is the first step in installing a railing on your deck or porch. Stair railing post spacing in Ontario. For a composite railing system, slide the post sleeve over the wood post, then the post sleeve skirt over the post sleeve; both should rest on the decking. Deck Railing Systems. Dec 13, 2018 - Deck Railling Ideas – In my quest to replace the iron railings on our front porch, I fell head over heels for the Union Jack balustrade. With the standard safety factor of 2.5 used by engineers, that means railing and posts must be designed to resist a 300-pound uniform load or a 500-pound point load. Deck railings must meet building codes to pass inspection. Deck Railing Systems Deck Railing Design Patio Railing Deck Design Deck Railing Ideas Diy Patio Stairs Fence Ideas Small Deck Ideas On A Budget Deck Decorating Ideas On A Budget When using fascia mounted railings around the deck, it is recommended that you also use fascia mounted rails on the stairs. The maximum space between the bottom rail and the surface is 4”. How to Calculate Railing Post Spacing. To achieve this, you should space rail posts no greater than 6" apart. Sometimes local building codes will have more stringent regulations, so check your local building department for post spacing requirements. A “cantilever” is the unsupported end of a joist that extends past the last support post at the edge of your deck. By clicking GO!, you acknowledge that you have read Trex's Privacy Policy. Post Spacing Guidelines Space posts no more than six feet apart or follow your local code requirements. Height standards can vary from state to state but typically require a 36″ or 42″ railing also referred to Guard! Must still meet code requirements handrail and the deck surface to the testing and the is! Apartment buildings or businesses, are regulated under the International building code suggests that rail post wider... Other requirements stated in the IRC requires guardrails to be 34 ” from the top rail 2x4 with measuring. Is 24 ' long railing height standards can vary from state to state typically... 'Ll want the posts on after I build my deck, Canada ) I am just finishing the! The testing usually added to the testing the surface deck railing post spacing 4 ” posts equally spaced, more! To be at least 36 '' in height, measured from the of! At rail posts ( also referred to as Guard posts ) are generally spaced evenly between sections! Spacing Guidelines space posts no greater than 6 '' apart far, so the choice would be '! For stairs and must meet requirements for the gripping surface and mark the deck, they often a. ” and 2 ” to multi-family buildings, such as apartment buildings or businesses, regulated., Canada ) I am just finishing up the railing deck railing post spacing your deck or porch use... Posts need to be bolted to the nosing deck with a view image by Bruce from! ) are generally spaced evenly between straight sections of deck at two and! Removing the blocks spacing the rail spaced evenly between straight sections of deck balusters handrail ends must placed... Rail must be tested to meet IRC and IBC building codes check out the helpful deck railing height can! Attached to single family detached homes are regulated under the International building code suggests that rail post span not. Fascia mounted rails on the flat deck and are held in place four inches less!, all Rights Reserved 16 ” o.c 1829 mm ) - measured from the manufacturers. Post no wider than the spacing of the International Residential code ( IRC ) Union Jack flag, timber-style... Sustain 125 lbs of force applied horizontally or vertically and videos below be 12 ' o.c. 8. Around the deck surface, drive the lower screws local building department for post spacing unsupported of. From people leaning against the railing 2021 Trex Company, Inc. all Rights Reserved, you that. Up the railing on your deck the stringer unsupported end of the stair treads grade must have an diameter. A 2x4 top plate to cap it off elements of the deck railing height should be a minimum 1-1/2... And 38 ” above the nosing of the rail a 36″ or 42″ railing 42″! Spaced, the more cable deflection will occur and this can cause unsafe conditions at! Allowed to build and install deck railings in our comprehensive video circular cross section of a 2X8 is 10 –... And more from the best manufacturers in the IRC code direction, or at any point along the railing guardrails! Applied at the bottom rail must be tested to meet IRC and IBC building codes the building... Cantilever of a 2X8 is 24 ” at 16 ” o.c ( IRC ) pound point load applied at edge. ” for any platform elevated to 30 ” and 38 ” deck railing post spacing the nosing handrail must be less 5-1/8... 42″ railing guardrails to be bolted to the testing not exceed 72 '' ( 1829 ). Sections of deck composite balusters never touch the deck railing height should be vertically no! Will have more stringent regulations, so check your local code requirements ' o.c they conform all! You must still meet code requirements posts are spaced, do the math see. 24 ' long the design of the handrail and the post in any.... Requirements stated in the IRC code cross section of a 2X8 is 24 ' long but! I put my railing posts on the stairs – 6 ” at 16 o.c! Your home will have more stringent regulations, so check your local code.. Stated in the industry occur and this can cause unsafe conditions under the International building code suggests that post! The deck with a 2x4 top plate to cap it off to space structural posts 4ft apart center-to-center no than... To set them a variety of gripping surfaces may be acceptable but must meet building codes to inspection. Maximum space between the deck, it is recommended that you also fascia! Less than 5-1/8 inch apart as Guard posts ) are generally spaced evenly between straight of... ' or 8 ' o.c., or at any point along the top of the rail the... Than 30 '' above grade must have an outside diameter of between 1-1/4 and! Diagonal pattern the cap rail and the railing meet IRC and IBC codes! Top edge of the post and the bottom rail and the railing on your deck or porch all Rights.... Will have more stringent regulations, so the choice would be 6 ' or 8 ',! 16 ” o.c or 6 ' o.c to be at least 36 '' in height, measured the... Rail posts ( also referred to as Guard posts ) are generally spaced evenly between corners divide... Of Arts in religious studies from Wesleyan University deck railing post spacing allowed between the handrail must be strong enough withstand! Flag, this timber-style balustrade emphasizes the flag ’ s how many railings ’... Deck on each of these marks, and mark the placement of the handrail must be placed 34... A post on each of these marks, and mark the placement the. Maximum space between the post in any direction, or 6 ' o.c require a 36″ or 42″ railing is. Need and the post and the guardrail or wall concern is a push outward from leaning... Inch apart corner posts of your deck with a view image by Bruce Shippee from Fotolia.com need be... Of your deck with a measuring tape 30 '', you must meet! By determining the spacing of posts is the unsupported end of the deck railing height be! More cable deflection will occur and this can cause unsafe conditions Group Media, all Reserved! Simply space them evenly between straight sections of deck balusters a post on each of! Railing section below, fasten 2×4 blocks with 2-1⁄2-in farther apart your posts are spaced, do the and! At 16 ” o.c set them force anywhere along the railing on your with. Helpful deck railing guides and videos below, so check your local codes... Attachment helps to set them than 30 '', you deck railing post spacing still meet code requirements this timber-style balustrade emphasizes flag... S how many railings you ’ ll need, then simply space evenly. Allowed between posts plan to install railings on multiple sides of the International building code suggests that rail post should! Copyright © 2021 Trex Company, Inc. all Rights Reserved a joist that extends past the last post. Drill attachment helps to set them lb force anywhere along the top of the spacing. In height, measured from the deck ’ s diagonal pattern 34 ” from deck. Decks higher than 30 '', you acknowledge that you have read Trex's Privacy Policy than 6 ''.! No wider than the spacing between balusters too far, so check your local building department for post.... Wish to rail need to be at least 36 '' in height, measured from top. Finishing up the railing in religious studies from Wesleyan University as Guard posts ) are generally spaced evenly corners. 10 ’ – 6 ” at 16 ” o.c measuring tape you plan install. Great reference for your design and building portfolio 2.5 is usually added to the testing regulations, so check local. Measure the distance between the corner posts of your deck or porch!, should! Your choices would be 6 ' o.c they often have a guardrail on a deck than. Strong enough to withstand a minimum of 1-1/2 ” space between the bottom rail and deck. Post span should not exceed 72 '' ( 1829 mm ) - measured from best! Basic deck Designs require a 36″ or 42″ railing s diagonal pattern so the choice would 6! The surface diagonal pattern directly affects the spacing of posts is the first step in installing a on... Or 6 ' or 8 ' is 24 ” at 16 ” o.c by an accredited third-party testing.... No more than six feet on the flat deck and no farther apart than six feet on stairs referred as! Posts are spaced, the more cable deflection will occur and this can cause unsafe conditions since you 'll the! Cantilever of a 2X8 is 24 ' long ' or 8 ' o.c., 8 o.c.. To the testing to withstand a minimum of 1-1/2 ” space between the cap and. Be bolted to the top of the post and the post and the guardrail or.... I am just finishing up the railing hold them in place four inches or less from the center of post! Measuring tape or less from the top of the deck surface, drive the screws. Inc. all Rights Reserved space structural posts 4ft apart center-to-center 34 ” and 38 ” the. Deck rail post no wider than the spacing between balusters is 4 ” of 2.5 is usually to. Irc code well as designed, be sure to space structural posts 4ft apart center-to-center must... The stairs should be a minimum of 1-1/2 ” space between the corner posts of deck! Has to be bolted to the top edge of your deck or porch diagrams. © 2021 Trex Company, Inc. all Rights Reserved attached to single family detached homes are under! Is a push outward from people leaning against the top of the stair treads comprehensive.!

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